ALTERNATIVE FORMS OF MEDICATIONS
The field of complementary and alternative medicine is known as CAM. CAM tries to prevent and treat different conditions with techniques such as: (A) Recommended Related to Mind, Body, Spirit
By Tanya Asnes
Healing touch; (B) Energy; and (c) Herbal medicines. Many CAM therapies have been around for centuries. But do they really work? Many different fields make up the practice of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM). In addition, many components of one field may overlap with the components of another field (an example is acupuncture, which is also used in conventional medicine).
According to the National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine (NCCAM), complementary and alternative medicine therapies can be classified into five broad categories:
Alternative medical systems are built upon complete systems of theory and practice. Often, these systems have evolved apart from and earlier than the conventional medical approach used in the United States.
Mind-body medicine uses a variety of techniques designed to enhance the mind’s capacity to affect bodily function and symptoms. Some techniques that were considered alternative in the past have become mainstream (for example, patient support groups and cognitive-behavioral therapy).
Other mind-body techniques are still considered alternative, including: (1) Art therapy; (2) Biofeedback; (3) Dance therapy; (4) Guided imagery; (5) Humor therapy; (6) Hypnotherapy; (7) Meditation; (8) Music therapy; (9) Prayer therapy; and (10) Yoga.
Biologically based therapies in complementary and alternative medicine use substances found in nature, such as herbs, foods, and vitamins. Some examples include: (a) Diet; (b) Dietary supplements; (c) Herbal products; and (D) Megavitamins.
It also includes the use of other so-called natural but as yet scientifically unproven therapies (for example, using shark cartilage to treat cancer).
Manipulative and body-based methods in complementary and alternative medicine are based on manipulation and/or movement of one or more parts of the body. Some examples include: (1) Acupressure; (2) Alexander Technique; (3) Chiropractic; (4) Feldenkrais Method; (5) Massage Therapy; (6) Osteopathy; (7) Reflexology; (8) Rolfing; (9) Therapeutic Touch; and (10) Trager Approach.
Energy therapies involve the use of energy fields. They are of two types:
Biofield therapies are intended to affect energy fields that purportedly surround and penetrate the human body. The existence of such fields has not yet been scientifically proven. Some forms of energy therapy manipulate biofields by applying pressure and/or manipulating the body by placing the hands in, or through, these fields. Examples include: (a) Qi gong; (b) Reiki; and (c) Therapeutic Touch.
Bioelectromagnetic-based therapies involve the unconventional use of electromagnetic fields, such as: (1) Pulsed fields; (2) Magnetic fields; and (3) Alternating-current or direct-current .fields
There is research to show that some CAM techniques can help with problems like pain and nausea. But other alternative therapies don’t have enough medical evidence to determine if they are effective.
Before you try CAM, read this overview. Learn which treatments might actually help you feel better — and which ones may not be worth the money.
Acupuncture. This traditional Chinese medicine technique uses thin needles to stimulate various points around the body. Each point corresponds to a specific condition. The aim of acupuncture is to restore a balance of energy and good health to the body.
The evidence: More study needs to be done into the benefits of acupuncture. However, evidence suggests that acupuncture holds promise for relieving vomiting caused by cancer chemotherapy. It also may help ease some chronic pain conditions, that include: (a) Headaches; (b) Low back pain; and (c) Osteoarthritis of the knee.
Chiropractic Medicine. Chiropractors specialize in adjustments — manipulating the spine to put the body into better alignment. People typically visit the chiropractor when they have pain in their lower back, shoulders, and neck. But many chiropractors claim adjustments can also improve overall health.
The evidence: Chiropractic medicine does seem to provide some relief for lower back pain. But it may not be any better than other back pain treatments. Studies have also found the technique effective for: (1) Migraine and neck-related headaches; (2) Neck pain; (3) Joint conditions; and (4) whiplash.
But there isn’t much data on the effectiveness of chiropractic medicine for some general medical conditions. For example, there’s no solid evidence that it can treat asthma, high blood pressure, menstrual pain, or fibromyalgia. .
Energy therapies use magnets and therapeutic touch to manipulate the body’s energy fields and improve health.
Magnetic Field Therapy Magnets are thought by some to have healing abilities. Centuries ago, people believed magnets could treat everything from gout to baldness. Today, they’re worn inside bracelets, shoes, and other accessories.
The evidence: There’s no conclusive evidence that magnets are effective pain relievers.
A small study has shown that a magnet therapy called transcranial magnetic stimulation may aid recovery in certain stroke survivors. The results are preliminary. More study is needed to see if the therapy is effective. Repetitive TMS (rTMS) also is a non-experimental, FDA-approved treatment for major depression.
Magnets are generally safe. But they can disrupt the function of pacemakers, defibrillators, and insulin pumps. That makes them potentially dangerous for anyone who uses these devices.
The premise of Reiki is that it accesses the body’s natural energy to speed healing. The practitioner hovers his or her hands over the patient’s body. Or he or she places them lightly on the person’s skin.
The evidence: There is something to be said for the healing touch when it comes to bringing about a state of calm. One study checked the effect of Reiki on people hospitalized with heart disease. It showed that Reiki was effective in bringing about an increase in: (1) Happiness; (2) Relaxation; and (3) Feeling of calm.
Therapeutic Touch Advocates of this technique suggest that the power of touch may direct energy flow and treat pain and disease.
The evidence: It’s hard to tell for sure whether therapeutic touch works. There have been few good studies done on this technique. Researchers have investigated its effects on wound healing, pain, and anxiety. Studies into its effectiveness have not been conclusive.
Herbal Medicine Plants form the foundation of herbal medicine. They’re taken in several forms, including pills, powders, or extracts to treat a variety of conditions. Herbal medicine can be divided into three types: (a) Ayurvedic; (b) Chinese; and (c) Traditional.
Ayurvedic medicine originated in India more than 2,000 years ago. It focuses on balance of the mind, body, and spirit. Hundreds of different herbs are used to: (1) Protect the body against disease; (2) Relieve pain; and (3) Improve general health.
The evidence: Most studies performed have been small. They cannot provide conclusive evidence that Ayurvedic herbal medicine works. There’s also a serious caution to using Ayurvedic products. One study found that Ayurvedic herbal medicines from South Asia had dangerously high levels of: (1) Lead; (2) Mercury; and (3) Arsenic.
Chinese herbal medicines include gingko and ginseng. They are not used to treat a specific symptom or disease. Instead they are meant to restore balance to the body as a whole. These medicines can be taken in many forms, including pills, powders, and teas.
The evidence: Chinese herbal remedies have been studied for treating conditions such as cancer, heart disease and diabetes. But the research hasn’t been well-designed enough to draw any conclusions on effectiveness. Regarding safety, there have been reports of heavy metals and other toxins in certain Chinese herbal remedies.
Traditional A number of different herbs are grown right here in the U.S. or in Europe that are considered “Western” or “traditional” herbal remedies. Most studies on these herbs have been small. So it’s hard to know for sure whether they work. A few herbs that have shown possible benefit include: (a) Chamomile for relieving stomach upset; (b) Cranberry for preventing urinary tract infections; (c) Flaxseed, garlic, and soy for lowering cholesterol; (d) Peppermint oil for preventing heartburn; and (e) St. John’s wort for relieving mild to moderate depression.
Although herbal remedies are considered “natural,” they can cause side effects. They may also interact with drugs you’re taking for other conditions. Talk to your doctor before taking any herbal medicine.