Pozzuoli becomes more beautiful, large maneuvers recovery of archaeological sites,

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Pozzuoli becomes more beautiful, large maneuvers recovery of archaeological sites, the historical center, and the tourist areas and the city’s cultural flegrea.

12282907_10205722712682186_1589201419_nPozzuoli near Naples, cleaned the necropolis on Cells: new intervention of CityHall.

Pozzuoli has completed the recovery of the necropolis on Cells, which appeared again covered with weeds. After few days of work and with the help of mechanical tools, the remains of the ancient settlement Roman funeral.

“These operations of intervention in the city’s archaeological sites are  now customary – explains the deputy .  Workers are regularly engaged in the various settlements on the city territory and we try to keep them clean but unfortunately, due to lack of staff of the Superintendent, can not be visited. ” Discovered in the thirties, the necropolis on Cells consists of mausoleums, burial chambers and columbaria made between the first and second centuries after Christ and destined to collective burials at multiple levels. It is located along a stretch of Via Consularis Puteolis-Capuam, where it engages the way to Naples.

Evidence: “The Necropolis of Via Celle, Pozzuoli, Italy (Naples).

<< The Roman necropolis dating from between the first and the second century AD, is located along the stretch of the street12277037_10205722712642185_1583573648_n Consularis Puteolis-Capuam, where it engages the way Puteolis-Neapolim. Burial area was discovered a group of fourteen mausoleums funeral, called columbaria, already surveyed and investigated in the ‘700, while the first regular excavations dating back to the thirties of the last century; but only in the sixties he proceeded to clear the entire group of buildings along the east side of the road. To these monuments you add a building interpreted as collegium funeraticium, (association whose members are of modest means, joining, could inexpensively make a decent burial) characterized by a rectangular plan built around a courtyard in the center of which was erected a mausoleum . To the north of the courtyard there are two environments, while to the east and south is a corridor porch on two floors, along which, in the north wing, you have a number of service areas on two levels; while, in the Northeast, a small courtyard with cistern, provides access via a staircase to the upper floor, which has the same floor plan of the lower one. The southern arm of the corridor leads, then, to a rectangular open to the street, decorated with marble on the walls and paved with a mosaic of black and white. To the side walls of the room they are placed against the balconies, under which open the arcosolia relevant to a later phase of use, host inhumation burials of late period such as those found in the environment. >>

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From: PozzuoliPiù Press Office :

My other article of Pozzuoli:


Travel unforgettable & magical places. Hotel Gli Dei, Pozzuoli (Napoli), Italy.

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Travel unforgettable, magical places, where the body and mind find their center thanks to an energy that stems from three factors: beauty, harmony, quality.


vista-dall-hotelI have gotten to know this hotel via photographs posted by my editor, Alessandro Sicuro. Since then I have had an in-depth interest to know what happened here. And know more about this fabulous hotel with the spectacle of nature mixed with myth and history.

If we take a bay in front of us like that of Rio de Janeiro. A dominant position in the face of this scenario. A dream location, with Olympic swimming pools, terraces with breathtaking views. The interiors are warm, inviting and refined. The rooms are comfortable and spacious, each with a balcony of 80 meters, overlooking the sea. An outstanding restaurant offering a cuisine of the first order. As well as a health club that boasts an upscale spa. Tourist paths around the hotel make for interesting walks leading to archaeology sites, as well as art, culture, food and beverage venues. It has the most beautiful sea to be found anywhere that is warm and crystal clear. Well and clear that with all these connotations we can find at the Gli Dei Hotel in Pozzuoli.

I have noticed that staff of The Gli Dei Hotel warmly welcomes its guests to their two-story Mediterranean-style Hotel, which12166894_10153083604301363_1679939744_n offers great views of the sea, exploring the Gulf of Pozzuoli. In its breathtaking views making a spectacular backdrop, it was also designed for business meetings and conferences. In fact, the Gli Dei Hotel has 3 meeting rooms that can accommodate up to 550 people.

Additionally, with the impressive backdrop of the sea, the deck is the perfect setting for hosting ceremonies, parties and banquets.    With a huge ballroom as well, it is suitable for major events such as wedding receptions and other major events such as New Year’s Eve parties.  The staff will also ensure that ever you desire to eat and drink at your event will   surpass your expectations.

The space and facilities available at the Gli Dei Hotel meet your needs precisely and makes for an impressive conference setting.

Kathy Kiefer

Special thanks to Hotel Gli Dei Pozzuoli  (NA) Italy

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5a7865ed4253c2a2cfbaa3aaeae41192daf490Founded as the Greek Cumaean colony known as Dicaearchia, the bustling port town of Pozzuoli thrived during Roman times when it was known as Puteoli. Its name derives from the abundance of thermal and mineral springs as well sulfurous springs whose unmistakable odor permeated the area (and still does), mostly from the Solfatara. Whether it comes from the Latin putere – to stink or the Greek “Pyteolos” meaning “little wells” however, is unclear.

The Roman senator and writer Cicero owned a villa nearby. St. Paul docked at Pozzuoli and stayed for seven days before making the arduous journey to Rome along the Appian Way. A few centuries later, Naples Patron Saint, San Gennaro was martyred at the amphitheater in Pozzuoli, a scene depicted by the Baroque artist, Artemisia Gentileschi.

And of course, Sophia Loren lived in the vicinity with her grandmother when bombs rained down during World War II. Tragedy 42085311struck again in October of 1983 when an earthquake damaged thousands of structures and displaced nearly 40,000 residents.

Today, contemporary blends with the ancient world. Signs along Pozzuoli’s roads will point you to a number of Roman ruins. The Temple of Neptune overlooks the sea with its mammoth dome peeking out from the dirt. Other signs lead through a narrow tunnel and then along a road next to the Neocropoli Romana. Hidden behind overgrown weeds, the locals walk by this ancient cemetery as though the ghosts inside are simply amicable neighbors. Further up the hill is the Flavian Amphitheater and near the water’s edge, are the remains the old Roman marketplace, better known as the Temple of Serapis.

Like their Roman forebears, fishermen still work their nets in boats. They bring plastic buckets to the banks with all kinds of live fish, shellfish, and octopi. The port is brimful with seafood restaurants along with cafés and gelaterias. Pozzuoli is also where ferries depart to the islands of Ischia and Procida. Day trips to the islands are inexpensive and easy to take.

pozzuoli_634df1051f6e703857098f4d4a6b46aaSome of the attractions that can be found in Pozzouli and in the surrounding area include:   (1) The Macellum of Pozzuoli, also known as the Temple of Serapis or serapeum, is considered the city’s symbol. The “temple” was actually a marketplace. Its name derives from the misinterpretation of its function after a statue of the god Serapis was found in 1750 at this location. The Macellum includes three majestic columns in cipolin marble, which show erosion from marine Lithophaga mollusks when, at an earlier time, the ground level was much lower due to Bradyseism, and sea-water could flow in; (2) Flavian Amphitheater – the third largest Italian amphitheater after the Colosseum and the Capuan Amphitheater; (3) Solfatara (volcanic crater with active fumaroles); (4) Forum; (5) Minor Amphitheater, very near to the Flavian one, its remains were absorbed by other buildings, but some arches can be seen by Via Solfatara and Via Vigna. It is crossed by metropolitan railway and the arena is still buried; (6) Puteoli’s Baths, so called Temple of Neptune, the remains of a big thermal complex now in Corso Terracciano which included also “Dianaepozzuoli-Sotterranei-Anfiteatro-Flavio Nymphaeum”, this last one partly hidden by buildings; (7) Villa Avellino, one of the few urban parks of Pozzuoli. It also shows several Roman ruins and water tanks. There is also a still working Roman “face” water fountain; (8) Rione Terra, the first settlement of Puteoli, originally Dicearkia in Greek. It’s a multi layered city with several Roman buildings, the most important one is the Temple of Augustus (today the Pozzuoli’s Duomo); (9) Necropolis of the Via Puteolis Capuam, just under the bridge that leads outside the city near Via Solfatara; (10) Necropolis of Via San Vito, near to Quarto; (11) Necropolis of Via Celle, a rich complex of tombs and mausoleums, very near to an old Roman street track still used today (Via Cupa Cigliano); (12) Stadium of Antoninus Pius, a very similar stadium to the Domitian one in Rome, only partially unburied and partly collapsed (Via Campi Flegrei); (13) Sanctuary of San Gennaro. With the Cathedra of Naples, it is one of the two places in which Lo Stadiothe alleged miracle of the liquefaction of the saint’s blood occurs; (14) Lake Avernus, in which Virgil, in the 6th book of Aeneid, placed the entrance to Hell. The name derives from the Greek, and means “Without Birds”, referring to the absence of birds due to the sulfur gas that sprung from it. Nearby are the Temple of Apollo, the Grotto of the Cumaean Sibyl and Cocceius’ Grotto, a gallery carved by the Romans to connect Lucrino to Cumae. The latter was damaged during World War II and is no longer visitable; and (15) Lake Lucrino, in the frazione of the same name. The lake was considered an infernal place, due to volcanic phenomena. It was a renowned resort in Roman times and included the villa of Cicero, which later held the remains of Emperor Hadrian. Pliny the Elder cites it in Naturalis historia (ix, 25) as the home
of a dolphin who had made friends with a child. According to Pliny, when the child fell ill and died, the dolphin died of broken252208_390351761053447_1883647398_n_672-458_resize heart also. The tale is considered the first known Urban Legend.

Pozzuoli’s city dwellers often say that in this town, if you only move a stone, you’ll find antiques that only wait to be discovered. Actually that’s how the Antonino Pio stadium was found. It was opened to the visitors in October 2008 after 2000 years. This archaeological site was covered from soil and scrubs. The emperor Antonino Pio wanted this stadium to be built because he wanted to organize Olympic Games in Pozzuoli, in the same town where his predecessor was buried. These Olympic Games, called “Eusebia” took place in this stadium, which is 300 meters long and 70 meters wide. The structure previsioned two entrances: one to the spectators and one to the athletes, and like all the Roman constructions dedicated to the games, the Antonino Pio stadium was divided into three parts, one for every social class of the Roman society.

During the centuries the Stadium was altered and its use has been sometimes partial and sometimes different from its original purpose. After the eruption of the Monte Nuovo the site was completely covered by debris. Nowadays this Stadium it’s divided in two parts because in the middle of it was built the highway Domitiana in 1932, which cut it without any respect,

immagine6The Monte Nuovo is the youngest volcano of Europe; he rose during the eruption of 1538. Its birth is an incredible story: sources of that time tell that this mountain was born in only two days. The 28 September 1538 the sea receded by almost 400 meters, leaving on the sand a lot of fishes, the population thought about a divine benediction. But in 24 hours the same divinity unleashed the apocalypse. The ground ripped and swallowed up the medieval city of Tripergola, fishing out lava, stones and incandescent muds. The quantity material that was sweated out from the bowels of the earth was so much that the surroundings were enveloped in a sort of big cloud that took two days to dissolve.  These days the youngest volcano of Europe is inactive, and at its mountainside there’s thick vegetation.

The acropolis of Cuma is all that remains of the ancient city settled by the ancient Greeks around 740 BC. The archaeological antro_della_sibilla_cumapark presents years of history perfectly conserved and it’s a precious testify of how the city was organized. The history of Cuma is about a very powerful city, which knew how to connect maritime activities to the country work. Cuma succeeded in resisting other populations’ attacks more than Pozzuoli, because it was in a privileged position: it was higher than Pozzuoli and it was a fortified city. In the Acropolis of Cuma there’s the Sybil’s cavern, a suggestive and mystic place where Aeneas went to meet the prophetess. The Sybil was a priestess of the god Apollo who wrote her prophecies on the leaves that the wind brought into the long stone corridor that arrived into the priestess room. The legend tells that the god Apollo gave her the possibility to fulfil a IMG_1540wish in exchange of her devotion as a priestess. The Sybil asked to live so many years as so many grains of sand her hand could contain, but she forgot to ask the eternal youth, so her body inexorably aged, up to be consumed completely. In the cavern remained only her voice. According to Virgil the Sybil predicted the future to Aeneas and drove him to the Averno Lake to make him enter into the Hell to look for his father.lago-d-averno-1

The Averno Lake it’s the entrance of the hell, as Virgil tell us in the beginning of his masterpiece the Eneide. The identification of this lake as the main door of the hell is due to its origins: The Averno Lake is in the mouth of an inactive volcano: in the past, thanks to the volcanic exhalations, the birds which flew over the lake died instantaneously. That’s why the ancient Romans used to call it “Aornon”, which means “place without birds”. Therefore it’s easy to understand why Virgil thought it was a demoniac place, point of connection between the land of the living and of the dead. Nowadays the Averno Lake has a beautiful appearance with a charming lakeside, where a lot of people go jogging or just take a walk. Near the lake there’s Sybil’s cave.  The legend tells that this cave it’s linked with the Sybil’s cavern in Cuma. This cave was actually dug into the turf to allow the passage of the military which arrived with their boats in Portus Julius.

Kathy Kiefer



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Chincoteague Island

Located in the far northeastern portion of Virginia’s Eastern Shore lies a quaint paradise isl.and so beautiful that it draws over one million visitors annually and it has become home to over 4,300 residents. The town of Chincoteague is dedicated to providing its citizens and visitors with an island rich in beauty, values and traditions. Are you ready for a change from the big city beach resorts? In Chincoteague there are no high rises, board walks, or traffic jams. Chincoteague Island is a serene, yet fun filled, tourist destination. Chincoteague Island is Virginia’s only resort Island. Located on Virginia’s Eastern Shore, Chincoteague is within easy reach from all major cities on the mid-Atlantic seaboard. Chincoteague is the gateway to the Virginia portion of Assateague Island, home of the famous Chincoteague Wild Ponies. Chincoteague offers a relaxed atmosphere and the beauty of unspoiled nature. From relaxing on the beach to viewing a spectacular sunset over the Chincoteague Bay, there is never a shortage of things to do in Chincoteague. We hope that you will fall in love with our Island, the way so many others already have.

Chincoteague Island gained national fame in 1961 when Twentieth Century Fox premiered the movie Misty of Chincoteague. The movie was based on author Marguerite Henry’s award-winning children’s book Misty of Chincoteague, which she wrote in 1947 while staying at Miss Molly’s Inn on Chincoteague Island. The book and movie helped to forever transition Chincoteague Island from a small fishing village into a world-class tourist destination. The Native American name for the island is Gingoteague,[6] and the name of the town “Chincoteague” first appeared in the Decisions of the United States Board on Geographical Names in 1943.[7] In 1962, a major nor’easter winter storm, the Ash Wednesday Storm, struck the coast. The town was completely underwater, and went for days without electricity. The storm destroyed almost all structures on Assateague Island, where development was just beginning. Following this, most of the island was preserved from development as Assateague Island National Seashore in 1965. The Assateague Lighthouse and Captain Timothy Hill House are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.[8][8][9] Chincoteague Ponies[edit] Main article: Chincoteague pony Legend has it that the feral ponies on Assateague are descendants of 82nd Annual Chincoteague Pony Swimsurvivors of a Spanish galleon that sank on its way to Spain during a storm in 1750 off the east coast, but the likelihood is that they are actually descended from domesticated stock, brought to the island by Eastern Shore farmers in the 17th century to avoid fencing requirements and taxation.[citation needed] In the Pony Penning, which has been held annually since 1925, horses swim across the shallow water between the islands. If any animal is too small or weak to make the swim, they are placed on a barge and ferried over. All the horses are herded into large pens after running through the middle of town and down Main Street. Pony Penning takes place on the last consecutive Wednesday and Thursday in July. The actual swim occurs on Wednesday, the Chincoteague Volunteer Fire Company auctions that year’s foals on Thursday, and on Friday the remaining ponies swim back to Assateague.

Misty of Chincoteague statue on Main Street Tourism[edit] The town features numerous small hotels, bed and breakfasts, and campgrounds that serve visitors to the region, such as those patronizing the beaches. The island also features many restaurants, ice cream parlors, and miniature golf courses. The island contains three museums: Beebe Ranch, the Museum of Chincoteague Island and the Refuge Waterfowl Museum Demographics[edit] As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 4,317 people, 2,068 households, and 1,244 families residing in the town. The population density was 448.2 people per square mile (173.1/km²). There were 3,970 housing units at an average density of 412.2 per square mile (159.2/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 96.92% White, 0.95% African American, 0.28% Native American, 0.28% Asian, 0.37% from other races, and 1.20% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.53% of the population. There were 2,068 households out of which 21.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.8% were married couples living together, 8.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 39.8% were non-families. 33.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.08 and the average family size was 2.63.


A deer walks along the Snow Goose Pool in the Assateague Island National Seashore, 2006-07-27 In the town the population was spread out with 18.0% under the age of 18, 5.5% from 18 to 24, 24.7% from 25 to 44, 30.9% from 45 to 64, and 20.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 46 years. For every 100 females there were 94.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.8 males. The median income for a household in the town was $28,514, and the median income for a family was $33,425. Males had a median income of $27,075 versus $20,859 for females. The per capita income for the town was $20,367. About 9.7% of families and 12.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.9% of those under age 18 and 9.4% of those age 65 or over. Climate[edit] The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Chincoteague has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated “Cfa” on climate maps.

Kathy Kiefer


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Mineral spas are resorts developed around naturally occurring mineral springs.

Spas grew in reputation in the nineteenth century on into the late middle-twentieth century for their purported healing or healthful benefits to those wealthy enough to partake of their waters. This was called a Mineral cure and gave let to the phrase ‘taking a cure’, still used as a euphemism, normally though today for one trying to kick a drug dependency.

In many cases, they were located in mountainous locales that gave an additional excuse to leave the drudgery of a hot house in warm weather during summer’s onset and were seasonally populated by the well-to-do. They eventually became early vacation spots with the counter-Victorian work ethic ‘rationale’ of health as an excuse to have fun and mix with one’s peers in recreation.


Subsequently, many such became the seed stock for today’s modern vacation resorts. Locations such as Steamboat Springs, Vail, St. Moritz, and Mineral Wells first became popular for the questionable health benefits of mineral or soda-water soaks, ingestion, and clean outs during the hey-day of patent medicines and backward medical knowledge. United States President Franklin D. Roosevelt suffered a paralytic illness, and regularly visited Warm Springs and other hot springs for restorative soaks. While his cousin Theodore Roosevelt became known as a manly-man of incredible endurance, he was a sickly child suffering from asthma and ‘took cures’ periodically in an attempt to gain better health.

The name “spa” comes from the Belgian town Spa.

As the Victoria era came to an end, the influences of the industrial revolution created more and more varied members of the upper middle class. The concepts of vacationing, tourism, and travel became less the property of the old monied, and shared by an increasing population base of those who could afford holiday trips like the rich. Such adventures had much allure in the days before any audio-visual entertainments outside a live orchestra. Thus, the spas began attracting an increasing number of local patrons as well as those from afar just at the time when the burgeoning numbers were able to take advantage of the newfangled automobile and the now extensive railways throughout most all of Europe and the United States. The Spa towns already had infrastructure and attractions in place to assuage such desires, and the modern tourist trip began to take its familiar form.

A mineral spring’s spa has a source of natural mineral water that you can soak in. Mineral springs have been valued for thousands of years for their power to ease joint pain, arthritis, and other physical ailments.

Mineral springs may come out of the earth at a tepid temperature and then be heated for bathing. If there is a lot of geo-thermal activity, the mineral water is literally heated by the earth and is called a hot springs. Sometimes the water is so hot it has to be cooled. Mineral springs have naturally occurring minerals and trace elements such as calcium, magnesium, potassium, sodium, iron, manganese, sulphur, iodine, and bromine. The exact makeup of the water varies from spring to spring, and many spas post the exact chemical make-up. Different waters are considered beneficial for different ailments.

master_hidroMineral springs spas vary greatly in the degree of luxury and amenities they offer. Some are historic bathhouses where you go to soak for 20 or 30 minutes in a private room that may be very simple. Usually you can get a massage. There might be communal outdoor pools. But some of the world’s most lavish hotels and resorts were built on the site of mineral springs.

Some of the world’s great spa cities rose up because of mineral springs; they include Baden-Baden in Germany, Spa in Belgium and Bath in England. The U.S. has its share of historic spa cities that sprang up in the 18th and 19th centuries, including Berkeley Springs, Virginia, Calistoga, California and Hot Springs, Arkansas.

In the 18th and 19th centuries drink the mineral waters was an important part of the cure. This was a time when the wealthy classes went to spas to mingle, and the sipping pavilion provided the perfect opportunity. Today most people prefer a good soak to drinking the pungent, odd-tasting waters.

In the old days visits to a thermal spring or mineral spa was for treatments of illnesses the Romans sang praises for the benefits of mineral waters and hot springs properties.  As time went by the Italian spa evolved from being treatment centers into spa holiday resorts and for executives seeking to rejuvenate from their stressful jobs.

Mineral spas are still centers for healing and nourishing mind, body and spirit with a little twist that people do not go there just for the healing properties of thermal water, but also for beauty treatments.  Here are just some of the more common treatments provided at Mineral Spas. 

images (2)(1)  Mineral Water Drinking  – This is considered one of the most important forms of thermal spa treatment where you drink a healthy dose of mineral water with oligomineral and bicarbonate to treat problems connected to liver, intestines and digestive system.  Thermal water consumed encourages and stimulates metabolic balance and the regenerates the body which is often run down by the stress of modern living.  In many cases, mineral water drinking treatments are combined with other thermal treatments such as hydrofango-balneotherapy (mud-immersion) where the mud treatments focus on the liver;

(2) Thermal Steam Caves – The term anthrotherapy refers to all therapeutic uses of water vapor released inside natural geological caves or at time in artificial man-made environments.  The caves are grouped into either hot or cold caves depending on the internal temperature. There are humid-hot caves also known as thermal caves or dry-hot caves called steam caves. With the steam caves the steam is released through cracks found along the walls or from the floor.    A particular micro-climate is found inside these caves due to water temperature, chemical compositions, humidity level, composition of any thermal gases, rock composition and level of ionization in the air.  This type of treatment is for the whole body and treatment is administered by observing the patient tolerance to the environmental conditions he/she is exposed to, in particular ‘thermal pressure’. Anthro-therapy is suitable for treatment of rheumatic and articular problems. It is also beneficial for people who suffers from respiratory disorders; 

grotta-termale(3)  Irrigation and Jet Shower Treatments – Irrigation and internal jet showers are thermal treatments which allows mineral water and thermal gases to come into contact with the body open cavities (rectal, vaginal and nose). Mineral water is collected in special containers called irrigators; it is brought to the right temperature and density required for the desired treatments. In all cases special probes are used for perfusion of the membranes, stillicidum (drop by drop) irrigation allows the thermal water to be properly absorbed. Jet shower is used to spray micronized shower onto treatment areas and is particularly suitable for treating endotympanic disorders.   It is believed this irrigation treatment of the female genital organs is able to regulate healthy menstrual cycles as well as healthy ovaries as the water contains salt, iodine and bromide. haryngel cavity it uses a micronized nasal showers which ensure deep level penetration of the thermal water therapeutical properties.  Irrigatory methods are also used to treat intestinal disorders for which three types are the most common treatments – rectal shower, proctoclysis and micro-enema. These are taken to treat chronic colon disorders and to normalize constipation problems;

(4)   INHALATIONS  –  This means the introduction of mineral waters or its gaseous components into the respiratory tract using special equipment that atomizes the water into very small particles. It comes in two forms – humid inhalations or dry inhalations depending on whether the thermal water atomization is carried out with water vapor or pressurized air. The main types of inhalation treatments are nebulization therapy, inhalation, aerosol therapy, humages and insufflation. This treatment can either be administer on one-to-one basis or in a group where everyone is sits in a special room built for this purpose;

(5)  Balneotherapy – This is the partial immersion of the body in thermal water. It is one of the main spa treatments offered and performed by all spas. Due to the curative properties of the thermal water during balneotherapy the thermal water acts through certain stimuli – heat action, mechanical stress, physical-chemical and chemical actions.  There are three types of baths – low mineralization, medium mineralization and high mineralization. It is made up of temperature of the water and saline concentration of the mineral water used. Salt concentration in the water helps to combat the different therapeutic needs of our bodies. It increases our caloric action which is a direct relationship between the specific weight and the heat and heat retention capacity. It strengthens hydromechanical actions and finally stimulates our nerves system by altering our osmotic currents which cause the internal stress of our bodies. Results from taking a bath in this type of water are clearly different from us taking a hot bath at home using normal tap water. Immersion in thermal water can also be combined with hydro massage spa treatments;

front_mud(6) Fangotherapy – Thermal mud is a special mixture formed of claylike solid component, thermal water and organic components that forms during a maturation period. According to their special needs structure, thermal muds act in a curative manner through specific stimuli – heat action, mechanical stress, physical-chemical and chemical action.  No other substance is quite like mud which has the physical and physical-chemical properties needed to generate heat, then slowly release it. Mud packs using thermal mud are particularly suitable for the treatments of dermatological, arthro-rheumatic and locomotion problems, gout and also gynecological complaints are also treatable by applying mud directly on the pelvis areas;

(7)  Sand Baths – Sand baths uses sea sand with its distinctive saline components. The salts and organic components found in the sand come from self-filtration process results from movement of the waves. Sand therapy often forms part of a more complex spa treatment where it is combined with seawater balneotherapy and other specific thermal treatments. This sort of treatment is usually found only at Italian spas located near the sea. This spa treatment is highly recommended for rheumatic and osteoarthritic conditions. It can also be good for treating skin problems such as psoriasis.

OTHER SPA TREATMENTS     Of course you will always find massage therapy and pressotherapy at spas. These days many Italian spas offer oriental/Asian massages such as Thai massages and reflexology as well. Regular massages is considered very beneficial to a managing stress in releases pressured points as well as encourages blood-circulation which in turn improve our body digestive system. Apart from body treatments there are also many facial treatments to choose from.   The significant difference between spas in Asia and Italy is that Italy spa are very old some dating back as far as 5000 years old and are established in natural surroundings while those in Asia are normally man-made.

In Japan, the Japanese swears by thermal spring baths (Onsen). Infant, children and adults from young to the old visit public bath houses regularly. Perhaps this is one of the secret why mortality rates in Japan is high

Kathy Kiefer


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Kathy Kiefer


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Typical festive Halloween activities include trick or treating (“trunk or treating”), attending costume parties, decorating, carving pumpkins into jack-o-lanterns, lighting bonfires, apple bobbing visiting haunted attractions, telling scary stories, and watching horror films.  The word “Halloween” means “hallowed evening” or “holy evening”.    Many communities have a traditional Halloween costume parade followed by a party in a park, library or mutually convenient location for everyone.  Trick-or-treating is a customary celebration for children on Halloween. Children go in costume from house to house, asking for treats such as candy or sometimes money, with the question, “Trick or treat?” The word “trick” refers to “threat” to perform mischief on the homeowners or their property if no treat is given (such as toilet papering or egging the home).   Trick-or-Treat for UNICEF” is a fundraising program to support UNICEF, a United Nations Program that provides humanitarian aid to children in developing countries. The program involves the distribution of small boxes by schools to trick-or-treaters, in which they can solicit small-change donations from the houses they visit. It is estimated that children have collected more than $118 million for UNICEF since its inception.  I remember when I was younger going trick or treating with an orange box to collect for UNICEF.    Many schools also have a Halloween parade in which the students and even teachers get dressed in costume and prizes are awarded for best costume, etc.   Generally followed by a party in the individual classrooms.     Families/adults go all out to decorate their homes as well for the holiday.     Some are tastefully decorated, yet there are some that are so ostentatious due to the amount of decorations they put out which seems to encompass every available space on their property and many are not appealing at all.  Many adults also participate in parties and events that are geared to them and their costumes are more imaginative than even the children’s.

There are several games traditionally associated with Halloween parties. One common game is dunking or apple bobbing in which apples float in a tub or a large basin of water and the participants must use their teeth to remove an apple from the basin.    A common custom includes picking and purchasing pumpkins from pumpkin patches, going on hay rides, winding your way through corn mazes, making scarecrows and more.   At one time, candy apples were commonly given to children, but the practice rapidly waned in the wake of widespread rumors that some individuals were embedding items like pins and razor blades in apples in the United States.   The telling of ghost stories and viewing of horror films are common fixtures of Halloween parties.    Haunted attractions are entertainment venues designed to thrill and scare patrons. Most attractions are seasonal Halloween businesses. Origins of these paid scare venues are difficult to pinpoint, but it is generally accepted that they were first commonly used for fundraising. They include haunted houses, corn mazes and hayrides, and the level of sophistication of the effects has risen as the industry has grown. Haunted attractions in the United States alone bring in an estimate $300–500 million each year, and draw some 400,000 customers.     In planning a spooky and scary themed party it is best to start a few months in advance and be very creative and imaginative.   Some things that work best are having a large cauldron filled with frozen grapes (for eyeballs), another large container with cooked pasta or something similar (guts, brains, etc.) to having a coffin with an actual person dressed in costume that rises and scares visitors to pieces.    Even having homemade decorations can be more effective than store bought (black cats, headstones and the like).

Many times when my brother and I were younger, our mother loved to sew and made our costumes, sometimes we were matching scarecrows, ghosts, clowns, etc. but we also had a say in what our costumes were to be.   I remember going as Mary Poppins, Charlie Brown, a ballet dancer, even Casper the Friendly Ghost.    A few years ago I was invited to a special showing at the John F. Kennedy Center in Washington, DC of the original Nosferatu, and everyone attending was to come in costume.    I rented a geisha girl costume for the evening, and remembering how much fun it was even as an adult to get dressed up and going to something like this.


Thanksgiving traditions in America varied from region to region. A traditional New England Thanksgiving, for example, consisted of a raffle held on Thanksgiving eve (in which the prizes were thanksgiving_dinner_1280x1024mainly geese or turkeys), a shooting match on Thanksgiving morning (in which turkeys and chickens were used as targets), church services, and then the traditional feast which consisted of some familiar Thanksgiving staples such as turkey and pumpkin pie, and some not-so-familiar dishes such as pigeon mincemeat pie.  The one thing that is long associated with Thanksgiving is Macy*s Thanksgiving Day Parade in New York City.  The starting point of the parade is Central Park West (near the American Museum of Natural History) and ends at Macy*s flagship store in Herald Square (it is televised by NBC).  The parade features floats and falloons (a combination of balloon and float) with specific themes, scenes from Broadway plays, large balloons of cartoon characters and TV personalities, and high school or college marching bands. The float that traditionally ends the Macy’s Parade is the Santa Claus float, which heralds the arrival of what has become to be known as the beginning of the Christmas season.   There were many years that I remember my family going into the City to watch the parade live.   I remember being in awe of the balloons as well as the floats.   Even when I lived in Manhattan years later, on Thanksgiving morning I always got a good spot at 34th Street and Herald Square to watch the parade and take excellent pictures.    To this day I still love watching it on TV (or if I am unable to watch it I tape it to watch later on).  All the balloons get blown up the day before the parade (an event not to be missed by young and old).  I also remember that when I was 10 years old my family took a trip to Colonial Williamsburg and had Thanksgiving Dinner at the Williamsburg Inn, and spent time exploring the Colonial Capital.

In the United States, certain kinds of food are traditionally served at Thanksgiving meals. Baked or roasted turkey is usually the featured item on any Thanksgiving feast table (so much so that Thanksgiving is sometimes referred to as “Turkey Day”). Stuffing, mashed potatoes, with gravy, sweet potatoes, cranberry sauce, sweet corn, various fall vegetables (mainly various kinds of  squashes), and pumpkin pie are commonly associated with Thanksgiving dinner. The poor are often provided with food at Thanksgiving time. Most communities have annual food drives that collect non-perishable packaged and canned foods, and corporations sponsor charitable distributions of staple foods and Thanksgiving dinners.

Yet there are many people that don’t celebrate either Halloween or Thanksgiving, due to religious or other reasons.   In the alternative may have fall harvest festivals with many similar traditions to both Halloween and Thanksgiving or incorporate things they feel would be appropriate.


dsc_0412Nativity scenes are known from 10th-century Rome. They were popularized by Saint Francis of Assisi from 1223, quickly spreading across Europe. Different types of decorations developed across the Christian world, dependent on local tradition and available resources. The first commercially produced decorations appeared in Germany in the 1860s, inspired by paper chains made by children. In countries where a representation of the Nativity Scene is very popular, people are encouraged to compete and create the most original or realistic ones. Within some families, the pieces used to make the representation are considered a valuable family heirloom and are placed in spot of honor.

We have parades, carolers going from home to home, and elaborate holiday feasts to aid in the celebration of this holiday.  The right favors given to the guests shall allow them to remember the celebration always.  Never underestimate the power of a clear glass bowl; fill it with flowers, glass marbles, sea shells, candy or chips.  Or even make it a dish garden centerpiece or even decorate it with holiday ornaments.   The proper favors given to the guests will allow them to remember that day for years to come.   But parties need not be so elaborate.  Sometimes simple, yet elegantly stated, is best.  It all depends on what effect the host is striving for. There are a variety of activities that one could have at a Christmas party, such as the singing of carols, playing dominoes, Christmas bingo.   Even a game based on the telephone theme, I refer that you have a sentence  that you whisper in the person next to you ear then they pass it along until the end and then the last person repeats what they heard out-loud to see if it resembles how it started.   It is always fun.    Even having a holiday get together to make treats for the holidays and decorations is an enjoyable time for the guests, putting together baskets for the those need  with special gifts to let them know they have not been forgotten.

I’ve even seen homes that are decorated for the holidays, some were simply and tastefully decorated and if there were awards for home decorations, they sure would be in the running.   Others were so tactful and tasteless that it makes the viewer wonder what they were doing when they decorated the home.

All holiday parties or get togethers are unique into themselves, from the decorations, favors for the guests, who to invite as well as the food to be served.   The menu all depends on the type of party planned, and who is to be invited, then the menu for food, activities will follow.

Kathy Kiefer

Schermata 09-2456547 alle 16.18.29